Charles & Ray Eames

The enveloping Lounge Chair, designed in 1956 by the American design duo Charles and Ray Eames, is one of the most successful armchairs since 1900. In 1940, Charles Eames (1907-1978), together with Finnish designer Eero Saarinen, won the "Organic Design" competition organised by MoMA in New York: the challenge was to create a piece of furniture in a single block, and Eames presented some curved plywood seats, anticipating a trend that would expand in Europe and Italy in the '60s. These pieces of furniture were a prelude to the curved plywood chairs and armchairs that Charles would make with his wife Ray (1912-1988) in the '40s, which included the DCM chair made for Herman Miller in 1946: with its anatomical backrest and thin metal tube structure, it remains a symbol of the transition from craftsmanship to industrial production.

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