Marcel Breuer

Considered one of the great fathers of the Bauhaus, Hungarian architect Marcel Breuer (Pécs, 1902 - New York, 1981) is one of the most influential designers of the 20th century, famous above all for the realization of the first and revolutionary tubular steel furnishings. The pieces he made with this material are legendary, and were conceived during his attendance of the Bauhaus school in Weimar, where he became the furniture laboratory teacher from '22 to '28; his most iconic model remains the "Wassily" (or "B3") chair in tubular steel and leather straps designed in 1925,  the same year in which Breuer designed the interiors of the Bauhaus headquarters in Dessau. His "Cesca" chair, made of tubular steel and Vienna straw inserts in 1928, is currently produced by Thonet under the name of "S32". In 1933, with the arrival of Nazism and the cessation of the Bauhaus activities, Breuer first emigrated to England, and in 1937 to the United States where, together with the founder of the Bauhaus Walter Gropius, he became a professor of architecture at the Harvard Graduate School of Design. Living in New York, in the 1950s and 1960s Breuer consolidated his activity as an architect on a global scale, a career which culminated in the design of brutalist buildings made of prefabricated concrete, including the Paris headquarters of Unesco (1953- 58), and the Whitney Museum of American Art in New York (now the Met Breuer), designed in 1966.

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